Practicing naturopath physician, Dr. Joanne Conaway left mainstream medicine, rejecting the conventional approach of treating symptoms with pharmaceuticals. In the first half, she discussed what she believes are more effective methods of restoring health, and primarily how a healthy gut and microbiome promotes normal gastrointestinal function and provides protection from infection, increased absorption, and the regulation of one's metabolism. Midweek Open Lines were featured in the latter half.
Italy's Mount Etna erupted violently on November 11 and since has continued to cough out steam and fountains of lava. The active volcano also produced hundreds of perfectly circular smoke rings. The phenomenon was captured by volcanologist Dr. Tom Pfeiffer. More info here.