Pentagon UFO Report Released, Finds No Definitive Answers for Phenomenon

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By Tim Binnall

After months of fevered speculation as to what insights it might contain, the Pentagon's long-awaited report on UFOs has been released to the public. Posted online late Friday afternoon, the nine-page document is said to serve as "an intelligence assessment of the threat posed by unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP)" as well as "the progress the Department of Defense Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force (UAPTF) has made in understanding this threat." As was suggested when details of the report leaked in the New York Times earlier this month, the study largely creates far more questions than answers, though it does provide some fascinating perspective from the government concerning the phenomenon.

The report specifically laments that "the limited amount of high-quality reporting on unidentified aerial phenomena hampers our ability to draw firm conclusions about the nature or intent of UAP." To that end, they note that there was no standardized method for reporting UFO encounters until the Navy developed a process back in March of 2019 and then Air Force followed in November of 2020. With that in mind, the report stresses that the majority of cases that were examined for the assessment came from this period of time. Additionally, it explained, the study "focused on reports that involved UAP largely witnessed firsthand by military aviators and that were collected from systems we considered to be reliable."

As for the Pentagon's take for what these objects might be, the report observed that "there are probably multiple types of UAP" based on the cases that were examined. To that end, the assessment found that there were five "potential explanatory categories" for these sightings. The first is "airborne clutter," such as birds, balloons, and drones. The second is "natural atmospheric phenomena" along the lines of ice crystals and thermal fluctuations. Third among the possibilities, which seems to defy previous reporting said to be found in the assessment, is "developments and classified programs by U.S. entities."

The fourth category is "foreign adversary systems," suggesting that UAPs could be craft from Russia, China, "another nation, or a non-governmental entity." The final category, which will likely be seized upon by UFO enthusiasts, is simply "other," which the report says are cases that "may require additional scientific knowledge to successfully collect on, analyze and characterize." Were one looking for a mention of aliens in the assessment, this would be the place where such a scenario appears to be hidden without outright saying as much. In these instances, which defied categorization, the report notes that the objects "appeared to display unusual flight characteristics or signature management."

Again stressing the challenges of data collection, the report conceded that it could not definitely solve any of the cases studied for the assessment aside from one instance when the UAP turned out to be a balloon. Be that as it may, the document did note some trends that were able to be gleaned from the limited dataset available. "There was some clustering of UAP observations regarding shape, size, and, particularly, propulsion," the report says. Additionally, it observed that a high volume of sightings occur "around U.S. training and testing grounds," although it acknowledged that this could be biased due to "focused attention, greater numbers of latest-generation sensors operating in those areas, unit expectations, and guidance to report anomalies."

Beyond that, another trend noted by the report is that, in a handful of instances, UAPs "appear to demonstrate advanced technology" in the form of the aforementioned "unusual flight characteristics." Among the oddities found in the cases were incidents in which the objects "remain stationary in winds aloft, move against the wind, maneuver abruptly, or move at considerable speed, without discernible means of propulsion." And, intriguingly, the report says that "in a small number of cases, military aircraft systems processed radio frequency energy" associated with the UAP sighting. As one might imagine, the report called for "additional rigorous analysis" of instances wherein UAPs demonstrate these capabilities.

Ultimately, the report found that UAPs represent both a flight hazard as well as a potential national security threat either by way of foreign nations spying on American operations or via "breakthrough aerospace technology by a potential adversary." As such, the assessment indicated that the UAP Task Force intends to continue collecting case data which it hopes will allow for more granular analysis using machine learning and artificial intelligence. It also indicated that the adoption of a uniform reporting standard across the government is underway. And, finally, the report called for "additional funding for research and development" when it comes to getting to the bottom of the UFO mystery.

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