In the first half, space science consultant Rick Sterling discussed his work with The Society for Planetary SETI Research (SPSR). The organization is composed of scientists and scholars from a variety of disciplines. They formed around their shared interest in anomalies on planets and satellites whose origins may be the result of intelligent activity. For instance, high-resolution photos of the 'Lunar Paracelsus C' structures in craters on the Moon's Far Side show signs of artificial excavation, and properties not seen anywhere elsewhere on the surface, he cited. Further, near one of the objects, there's a passageway that goes underground that is reminiscent of a mining operation. He recommends that NASA send an unmanned rover to investigate this area.
By combining multiple images, "we show that the larger feature...is not simply a wall, but two walls on either side of a narrow valley or passageway," he continued. The Lunar Gateway is a potential small space station NASA wants to put into orbit around the Moon that can act as a communication base and science experiment center. Something of this nature could also be placed in orbit around Mars, Sterling noted. There's a lot of water on the poles of the Moon, and "water is the key commodity to exploring the entire solar system," including Mars, he commented. Nuclear thermal propulsion, Sterling added, could be a game-changing technology driving missions throughout the solar system, as well as protecting astronauts and reducing the amount of time in space.
Psychotherapist and hypnotherapist, Joseph Sansone Ph.D. has been a member of the National Guild of Hypnotists since 1997. In the latter half, he reported on his hypnosis experiment testing for eyesight improvement (using a standard eye chart) and for a type of ESP he referred to as "nonphysical sight." The participants' vision was tested before the experiment, and then they were given a posthypnotic suggestion to improve their eyesight. Regarding the ESP aspect, during hypnosis, a dry-erase board was placed in front of the eye chart, and subjects were instructed to create a "negative hallucination," rendering the board invisible.
Sansone reported that though he had a small sample size (50 people for the visual enhancement, and 5 for the negative hallucination), there were statistically significant results for both eyesight improvement and nonphysical sight. About 65% improved in vision, he detailed, with one person jumping from 20/80 to 20/30. He also talked about altered states such as when people are performing repetitive tasks or driving long distances, which is similar to light hypnosis in that they may not be able to recall what happened over a number of minutes. The ability to go deeper into a hypnotic state may have to do with how the frontal lobes of the brain (governing 'executive' actions) interact with areas like the amygdala (that regulates emotions), he suggested, though this could be a learned skill to some degree.