Bruce Rapuano has a B.A. degree from the University of Pennsylvania where he majored in neurobiology and minored in psychology, a Ph.D. in neuropharmacology from the University of Connecticut, and a J.D. from New York Law School. Dr. Rapuano has conducted independent biomedical research as a cell biologist at internationally recognized medical institutions, including the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and the Hospital for Special Surgery, both located in New York City. He has authored or coauthored thirty scientific articles in peer-reviewed medical journals.